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**GRADE 8**

- Understand and use:
- rational numbers (whole numbers, including in expanded form; integers; positive and negative fractions; and decimals to thousandths)
- exponents
- common factors and common multiples
- paired quantities that are directly proportional, including ratios and rates, identified in real-life situations (e.g., the number of servings and the quantities in a recipe, mass and volume of a substance, circumference and diameter of a circle)
- translations between equivalent forms of a number, i.e., fractions, decimals, and percents

– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.7

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