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**GRADE 4**

- Recognize the:
- associative property of multiplication, i.e., (a × b) × c = a × (b × c)
- distributive property of multiplication over addition, i.e., a × ( b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c)

- Apply understanding of number properties in doing calculations

– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.6

## Text Resources

This curated list of documents have been selected to help you gain a deeper understanding of the above selection from “Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teachers Guide”. Each link will take you directly to the relevant section within the document.

#### A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics Gr. 4-6, Vol 3, Number Sense and Numeration, Multiplication

#### A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics Gr. K-6, Vol 5, Teaching Basic Facts and Multidigit Computations

#### Differentiating Mathematics Instruction – Capacity Building Series

#### The Mathematical Territory Between Direct Modelling and Proficiency – What Works