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**Grade 2 – Developing Proficiency with Operations**

- Add and subtract whole numbers to 100
- Add and subtract money amounts to 100¢
- Recognize the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and apply this understanding in doing calculations
- Represent multiplication as the combining of equal groups, that is, as repeated addition (e.g., use counters to show that 3 groups of 2 is equal to 2 + 2 + 2 and to 3 × 2)
- Represent division as the sharing of a quantity equally (e.g., “I can share 12 carrot sticks equally among 4 friends by giving each person 3 carrot sticks.”)

– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.5

## Text Resources

This curated list of documents have been selected to help you gain a deeper understanding of the above selection from “Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teachers Guide”. Each link will take you directly to the relevant section within the document.

#### A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics K-3, Patterning and Algebra

#### A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics K-6, Vol 5, Teaching Basic Facts and Multidigit Computations

#### The Mathematical Territory Between Direct Modelling and Proficiency, What Works