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**Strategies that help students commit basic facts to memory include:**

- learning about number properties as they notice patterns in addition and multiplication – for example, as students in the primary grades realize that two numbers added backward or forward give the same sum, they learn about the commutative property of addition

– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.3

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### Recognizing and Applying Understanding of Number Properties (5:27)

From "Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math Training"

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