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Fluency with basic math facts is fostered through instruction that highlights strategies for remembering facts, focuses on making sense, and integrates math-fact learning into other aspects of math learning, such as developing computational skills. Repeated practice, or “drill”, by itself may improve speed, but it does not contribute to understanding and it is not sufficient to guarantee immediate recall. Strategies such as learning related math facts together – for instance, “× 5 is half of × 10” – enable students to understand the interconnectedness of math facts and also make it easier to remember them.

– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.3

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Differentiating Mathematics Instruction – Capacity Building Series

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A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics K-6, Vol 5, Teaching Basic Facts and Multidigit Computations