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**Fundamental Math Skill:**

- Developing Proficiency with Operations: Performing calculations with ease, precision, and consistency and with a general understanding of number and operations, number properties, and their appropriate application in problem-solving.

– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.2

## Video Selections

These curated videos have been selected to help you gain a deeper understanding of the above selection from “Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teachers Guide”.

Thinking About Proficiency With OperationsProficiency With Addition And SubtractionProficiency With Multiplication And DivisionProficiency: Proportional Reasoning Ratios & RatesFractions Proficiency Through Spatial Reasoning

### All Models are Not Created Equal - Cathy Fosnot (3:21)

From "Leaders in Educational Thought: Special Edition on Mathematics (2013)"

### Composing and Decomposing: Overall Description (1:17)

From "Spatial Reasoning in Number Sense and Numeration"

### Scaling Up or Down: Overall Description (1:47)

From "Spatial Reasoning in Number Sense and Numeration"

## Text Resources

This curated list of documents have been selected to help you gain a deeper understanding of the above selection from “Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teachers Guide”. Each link will take you directly to the relevant section within the document.

#### A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics, K-6, Number Sense and Numeration Vol 1, The Big Ideas

#### Differentiating Mathematics Instruction – Capacity Building Series

#### Asking Effective Questions – Capacity Building Series

#### The Mathematical Territory Between Direct Modelling and Proficiency, What Works

#### Paying Attention to Spatial Reasoning

#### Maximizing Student Mathematical Learning in the Early Years – Capacity Building Series