GRADE 2
 Add and subtract whole numbers to 100
 Add and subtract money amounts to 100¢
 Recognize the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and apply this understanding in doing calculations
 Represent multiplication as the combining of equal groups, that is, as repeated addition (e.g., use counters to show that 3 groups of 2 is equal to 2 + 2 + 2 and to 3 × 2)
 Represent division as the sharing of a quantity equally (e.g., “I can share 12 carrot sticks equally among 4 friends by giving each person 3 carrot sticks.”)
– Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teacher’s Guide, p.5
Text Resources
This curated list of documents have been selected to help you gain a deeper understanding of the above selection from “Focusing on the Fundamentals of Math – A Teachers Guide”. Each link will take you directly to the relevant section within the document.
A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics K3, Patterning and Algebra 

A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics K6, Vol 5, Teaching Basic Facts and Multidigit Computations 

The Mathematical Territory Between Direct Modelling and Proficiency, What Works 